Equal parts diplomat, advocate, and civil servant, the Secretary-General is a symbol of Florida Model United Nations' ideals and a spokesperson for the interests of the world's peoples, in particular the poor and vulnerable among them.
The Charter describes the Secretary-General as "chief administrative officer" of the organization, who shall act in that capacity and perform "such other functions as are entrusted" to him or her by the Security Council, General Assembly, Economic and Social Council and other United Nations organs. The Charter also empowers the Secretary-General to "bring to the attention of the Security Council any matter which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security". These guidelines both define the powers of the office and grant it considerable scope for action. The Secretary-General would fail if (s)he did not take careful account of the concerns of member states, but he/she must also uphold the values and moral authority of the Florida Model United Nations, and speak and act for peace, even at the risk, from time to time, of challenging or disagreeing with those same member states.
That creative tension accompanies the Secretary-General through day-to-day work that includes attendance at sessions of Florida Model United Nations bodies; consultations with world leaders, government officials, and others; keeping him/her in touch with the peoples of the organization's member states and informed about the vast array of issues of international concern that are on the organization's agenda. Each year, the Secretary-General issues a report on the work of the Florida Model United Nations that appraises its activities and outlines future priorities.
One of the most vital roles played by the Secretary-General is the use of his/her "good offices" -- steps taken publicly and in private, drawing upon his/her independence, impartiality and integrity, to prevent international disputes from arising, escalating or spreading.
Each Secretary-General also defines their role within the context of their particular time in office.
Role and Responsibility
Apply for Consideration to be Secretary-General
The Secretary-General will provide applicable UN reports and information to each of the FMUN committees (not including crisis committees). The SG appearance and content will be coordinated with the Director-General and committee staff. The SG may appoint one Under Secretary-General to assist in research and conference execution.
The Secretary-General is appointed by the General Assembly, on the recommendation of the Security Council. The Security Council may only consider candidates put forth by the FMUN nominating commission.
Selection Timeline (days are during annual FMUN conference)